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Food and Water Requirements
Water is ALWAYS given free choice to all animals. Animals (except birds), like people, can go extended periods of time without food, but can only last a couple of days at the most without water. The values, below, are approximate per adult animal per day and may vary greatly with temperature, workload, stress and disease. Sources of feed should be identified before a disaster.
In general most herbivorous animals are going to eat approximately 1-2% of their body weight in some form of "roughage." Roughage is hay or hay-like products (pellets, cubes, hay, etc.) In an emergency grain products ("concentrates") need not be given.

Disaster Food Schedule
SPECIES        
WATER                  (Summer/Winter)
FOOD
(Type)
FEED (Quantity)  
FEED
(Frequency)
Horses
5-15 Gallons
alfalfa &/ or oat
8-15 lbs
2x Daily
Beef Cattle
5-15 Gallons
alfalfa &/ or oat
15-30 lbs
Daily
Dairy Cattle   
5-30 Gallons
alfalfa
15-40 lbs
Daily
Pigs
1-2 Gallons
pig pellets/mixed grains
1-7 lbs (depending on weight of pig)
once or twice daily
Llamas
2-5 Gallons
 alfalfa &/ or oat hay
2-4 lbs
2x Daily
Sheep
1-2 Gallons
alfalfa
2-5lbs
Daily
Goats
1-2 Gallons
alfalfa &/ or oat hay
1-5 lbs
Daily




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